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Frank Thompson's Kansas Journeys: Tiffany in Kansas louis comfort tiffany
Frank Thompson's Kansas Journeys
Tuesday, March 9, 2010
Tiffany in Kansas
The Ascension (Luke 24: 50-51)
Stained Glass Windows by Louis Comfort Tiffany
The Windows of Comfort First Presbyterian Church, Topeka
One of the few television shows I try to watch on a regular basis is PBS' "Antiques Roadshow." Fans of the Roadshow can expect to see Tiffany items, whether lampshades or vases or fakes, show up on a regular basis. On a recent visit to Topeka's First Presbyterian Church, I had the opportunity to experience and photograph some of his larger works - a spectacular set of stained glass windows.
Louis Comfort Tiffany himself traveled to Topeka to visit the church in order to create a design appropriate for that specific sanctuary. The windows were completed and installed in 1912.
Tiffany windows are characterized by a rich color saturation unmatched by his imitators who merely painted on glass. In contrast, Tiffany's unique "favrile" glass was fabricated without paint, enamels, or stains, the colors being embedded in the glass itself. His proprietary formula included metallic additives (copper, magnesium, cobalt, gold, etc.) which produced the vibrant colors, further enhanced by using using layers of glass, and/or altering the surface texture. Tiffany ordered his formula to be destroyed after his death.
The Ascension , shown above, is quite large in scale, and located above the balcony at the rear of the sanctuary. Below are some of my other favorite windows in the collection:
Christ Blessing the Little Children Matthew 19:14 "but Jesus said, 'Let the children come to me, and do not hinder them; for to such belongs the Kingdom of Heaven.'"
Detail shot of Christ Blessing the Little Children (shown above)
Christ and Nicodemus John 3:2 "This man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, 'Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that you do, unless God is with him.'"
Christ and the Valiant Woman (now commonly translated "virtuous" woman) To the woman representing the utmost in Christian love and charity. Proverbs 31:28 "Her children call her blessed, her husband praises her."
Landscape Window Psalm 42:1 "As the (deer) pants for the water brooks, my soul pants after you, O God."
Medallion, or Jeweled, Windows Underneath the two sets of balcony stairs are windows similar in color and design, each reminiscent of 13th century designs, and containing different ecclesiastical symbols.
View of the church sanctuary as seen from under the balcony toward the altar. The rose window above the chancel is not a Tiffany, but still a beautiful stained glass work. The First Presbyterian Church is located at the corner of 7th and Harrison in Topeka, across the street (west) of the state capital building. The sanctuary, and The Windows of Comfort, are open for public viewing Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
The church's web site: www.fpctopeka.org
**************************** Also on the day's agenda: Lunch at Porubsky's in Little Russia, a one-of-a-kind Topeka experience.
A visit to Wolfe's Camera Shop to pick up a couple of camera accessories. For my money, Wolfe's is one of the best camera shops around (not affiliated with the Wolf/Fitz camera chain)/
A brief stop at the Great Overland Station, the Union Pacific Passenger Terminal turned railroad museum, for a couple of exterior shots.
Franklin B Thompson
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Louis Comfort Tiffany,
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WenDee March 9, 2010 at 2:16 PM Beautiful shots Frank. I loved the lighting on the last one. It is definitely one of Kansas' best kept secrets and a must see! Reply Delete kamagra May 9, 2011 at 5:21 PM This is one of the things I lime the most going to the church because I consider all things inside of it has an incredible art, just look at what a beautiful windows and those designs it is art. Reply Delete Add comment Load more...
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tiffany new york city
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louis comfort tiffany
Click on images to enlarge
Louis Comfort Tiffany Residence
Madison Avenue at 72nd Street
New York, N.Y. 10021
• II/ Estey Organ Company, Op. 1584 (1917)
► II/23 Aeolian Company, Op. 925 (1902); enlarged
Louis Comfort Tiffany
Louis Comfort Tiffany was born in 1848, the youngest son of Charles Lewis Tiffany, who was a founder and principal owner of Tiffany & Company, and Harriet Olivia Avery Young. His older brother, Charles Comfort Tiffany, became the Episcopalian archdeacon of New York.
Before the 1880s, Louis Tiffany lived in an apartment
building on 26th Street, while his father maintained a house
on Madison Avenue near 38th. In 1882, Charles Tiffany contracted
with McKim, Mead & White
to design a new residence on the southwest corner of Madison
Avenue and 72nd Street, across from the Rhinelander Mansion.
Louis assumed control of the project, working intensively with
architect Stanford White to create one of the most unusual
residences in New York. The 57-room mansion was completed in
1885, and while it is generally referred to as Louis Tiffany's
house, there were in fact three apartments. The first, on the
first and second floors, was frequently said to be for Charles,
although he never occupied it. The second apartment, taking
up the third floor, was for Louis's unmarried sister,
Louise. The fourth and fifth floors contained the apartment
The studio, on the upper floor of Tiffany's duplex, was actually
about three or four stories in total height, and featured a
large space which was open to the gables. Suspended from the
ceiling were decorative ironwork, brasses and glassware which
created a mysterious atmosphere. Near the center of the studio
was a four-hearth fireplace which rose from the floor like
an Art Nouveau tree trunk culminating in a chimney made of
Louis Comfort Tiffany relied on the enormous financial and
entrepreneurial resources of his father's firm, Tiffany & Company. Although
Tiffany & Company and Tiffany Studios were two distinct
and separate firms, Louis Tiffany was affiliated with both
in an executive capacity. He was, therefore, able to advertise
and sell Tiffany Studios’ products at Tiffany & Company,
which proved to be a mutually advantageous arrangement, especially
for retailing lamps and small accessories. Although Tiffany
lamps, windows, and decorative accessories continued to be
made through the 1920s, the heyday of production ended at the
onset of World War I when European markets closed and tastes
changed. His father's firm, Tiffany & Company, still
continues in operation serving customers at the main store
in New York City and a host of branches throughout the world.
Louis married Mary Woodbridge Goddard on May 15, 1872, and had two sons and two daughters. After the death of his wife in 1884, he married Louise Wakeman Knox on November 9, 1886. Louis and Louise had one son and three daughters. In 1905, Tiffany built Laurelton Hall, a luxurious country estate in Oyster Bay, L.I., where he had the room to carry out his decorative ideas more fully. Although he spent less time in New York after Laurelton Hall was built, he died in the 72nd Street house in 1933. The Tiffany mansion was demolished in 1936 and replaced by a large apartment building.
Brattleboro, Ver. – Opus 1584 (1917)
CHAPEL OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
In 1917 the Estey Organ Company built a two-manual organ for the "Chapel
of the Holy Spirit" in the Tiffany residence. This organ was
moved at an unknown time to St. Martha's Episcopal Chapel in The
Bronx. Specifications for this organ have not yet been located.
New York City – Opus 925 (1902); enlarged 1907
2 manuals, 19 stops, 23 ranks
The Aeolian organ in Tiffany's Manhattan townhouse was installed on a balcony in the fifth floor studio, with the console located on the main floor of the 45-foot tall room. This organ did not have a pipe screen, and the console case was designed by Tiffany. Originally built in 1902 with 12 ranks, the organ was enlarged in 1907 with the addition of an 11-rank Echo division, plus harp and chimes, for a total of 23 ranks.
Manuale I – 61 notes, enclosed (3½" pressure)
Manuale II – 61 notes, enclosed (3" pressure)
Oboe di Caccia
Voce Angelica (TC)
Echo Organ (playable from
Manuale I) – 61 notes (3½" pressure)
Serafieno Dolce (5 ranks)
Voce Umana (in sep. box)
Violino Distante Celeste
Pedale – 30 notes (3" pressure)
Percussions (playable from Manuales I and II)
Arpa Grande – 49 notes
Campanetta – 20 notes
Manuale I to Manuale II 8' 4'
Manuale I to Pedale
Manuale II to Pedale
Manuals I and II: Piano, Mezzo, Forte
Manuale I to Pedal reversing
Balanced Swell Pedal, Manuale II
Balanced Swell Pedale, Manuale I
Balanced Crescendo Pedal
Gray, Christopher. "The Mansion That Got Away," The New York Times (Oct. 29, 2006).
Smith, Rollin. The Aeolian Pipe Organ and its Music. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1998.
Trupiano, Larry. Factory Specification of
Aeolian Organ, Op. 925 (1902).
Exterior: New York Architecture Images website: http://www.nyc-architecture.com
Studio: Organ Historical Society
| NYC AGO Home Page | Back to NYC Organ Project List |
Louis Comfort Tiffany Vase
Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933) Vase 1900 Favrile glass H. 17.5; diam. at the opening 7.4 cm © DR - RMN-Grand Palais (Mus?e d'Orsay) / Ren?-Gabriel Oj?da
Vase The son of Charles Tiffany, the founder of the great New York jewellers and goldsmiths Tiffany and Co, Louis Comfort Tiffany started as a painter and then worked as an interior decorator before taking an interest in glassmaking. In 1893, he set up the first glassworks known under his name, which produced many objects, stained-glass windows and light fittings over the following decades. He is particularly known for creating "favrile glass" which became the hallmark of Tiffany glass creations. "Favrile" is a 17th-century term meaning "belonging to an artist or his art", a forceful reminder of the importance of crafts in this period. Tiffany strove for the iridescent effect of antique glass giving it a lustrous colourful look by adding metal salts to the molten glass. This vase combines gold flecks, white filigree and a convolvulus pattern with rare elegance. The vase was bought for the Mus?e du Luxembourg in 1901 from the famous art dealer Siegfried Bing, whose gallery L'Art nouveau in the rue de Provence was instrumental in introducing international contemporary design to France. It had probably just been displayed at the Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1900, where Tiffany's work was much admired. Back to the list
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